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List of Linux distributions

Timeline of the development of various Linux distributions

This page provides general information about notable Linux distributions in the form of a categorized list. Distributions are organized into sections by the major distribution they are based on, or the package management system they are based around.

Contents

  • 1 RPM-based
    • 1.1 CentOS/RHEL-based
    • 1.2 Fedora-based
    • 1.3 openSUSE-based
    • 1.4 urpmi-based
    • 1.5 apt-rpm based
    • 1.6 Independent RPM distributions
  • 2 Debian-based
    • 2.1 Sid-based
    • 2.2 Testing based
      • 2.2.1 Ubuntu-based
        • 2.2.1.1 Official distributions
        • 2.2.1.2 Discontinued official distributions
        • 2.2.1.3 Third-party distributions
    • 2.3 Stable based
      • 2.3.1 MEPIS-based
      • 2.3.2 Knoppix-based
  • 3 Pacman-based
  • 4 Gentoo-based
  • 5 Slackware-based
    • 5.1 Slax-based
  • 6 source-based
  • 7 Independent
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

RPM-based[edit]

Red Hat family tree

Red Hat Linux and SUSE Linux were the original major distributions that used the .rpm file format, which is today used in several package management systems. Both of these were later divided into commercial and community-supported distributions. Red Hat Linux was divided into a community-supported but Red Hat-sponsored distribution named Fedora, and a commercially supported distribution called Red Hat Enterprise Linux, whereas SUSE was divided into openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise

CentOS/RHEL-based[edit]

See also: Red Hat Enterprise Linux derivatives and Commercial products based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Fedora-based[edit]

Fedora family tree

Fedora is a community supported distribution. It aims to provide the latest software while maintaining a completely Free Software system.[2]

openSUSE-based[edit]

urpmi-based[edit]

See also: rpmdrake

apt-rpm based[edit]

Independent RPM distributions[edit]

This list is about the distributions using the .rpm packages, excluding derivatives over zypp or Fedora or urpmi or apt-rpm.

Debian-based[edit]

Debian family tree

Debian is a distribution that emphasizes free software. It supports many hardware platforms. Debian and distributions based on it use the .deb package format[5] and the dpkg package manager and its frontends (such as apt-get or synaptic).[6]

Sid-based[edit]

Testing based[edit]

Ubuntu-based[edit]
Ubuntu family tree

Ubuntu is a distribution based on Debian, designed to have regular releases, a consistent user experience and commercial support on both desktops and servers.[11]

Official distributions[edit]

These Ubuntu variants simply install a set of packages different from the original Ubuntu, but since they draw additional packages and updates from the same repositories as Ubuntu, all of the same software is available for each of them.[12]

Discontinued official distributions[edit]

Third-party distributions[edit]

Unofficial variants and derivatives are not controlled or guided by Canonical Ltd. and generally have different goals in mind.

Stable based[edit]

MEPIS-based[edit]

Knoppix-based[edit]
Knoppix family tree

Knoppix, itself, is based on Debian. It is a live distribution, with automated hardware configuration and a wide choice of software, which is decompressed as it loads from the drive.[104]

Pacman-based[edit]

pacman is a package manager that is capable of resolving dependencies and automatically downloading and installing all necessary packages.

Gentoo-based[edit]

Gentoo family tree

Gentoo is a distribution designed to have highly optimized and frequently updated software.[109] Distributions based on Gentoo use the Portage package management system with emerge[110] or one of the alternative package managers.

Slackware-based[edit]

Slackware family tree

Slackware is known as a highly customizable distribution that stresses ease of maintenance and reliability over cutting-edge software and automated tools. It is generally considered a distribution for advanced users.

Slax-based[edit]

source-based[edit]

Independent[edit]

The following distributions can not be categorized under the preceding sections.

See also[edit]

  • Free and open-source software portal
  • Comparison of Linux distributions
  • Comparison of netbook-oriented Linux distributions
  • DistroWatch
  • Linux on z Systems
  • List of live CDs
  • List of router or firewall distributions

References[edit]

  • ^ “DistroWatch.com: Fermi Linux”. distrowatch.com..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png”)no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
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  • ^ Ubuntu TV website Archived 2012-11-27 at the Wayback Machine
  • ^ Aurora website
  • ^ Baltix website
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  • ^ “BackSlash Linux – Free Operating System”. www.backslashlinux.com.
  • ^ “Welcome”. 10 August 2014.
  • ^ “Which Linux Chrome OS Clone is Right For You?”. Linux.com – The source for Linux information. 17 July 2015.
  • ^ “Chromixium Adds Polish to Chrome – Reviews – LinuxInsider”. www.linuxinsider.com.
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  • ^ dyne:bolic website
  • ^ EasyPeasy website
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  • ^ Inc, elementary. “The fast, open, and privacy-respecting replacement for Windows and macOS ⋅ elementary OS”. elementary.io.
  • ^ “Emmabuntus:Community portal/en – Emmabuntus”. emmabuntus.sourceforge.io.
  • ^ “Guadalinex Edu Next – CGA”.
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  • ^ Jolicloud. “Jolicloud”. Jolicloud.
  • ^ “Linux Schools – Linux Schools”. www.linuxschools.com.
  • ^ Kuki Linux website Archived November 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  • ^ “Linux Lite Easy to Use Free Linux Operating System”. www.linuxliteos.com.
  • ^ Drifter, Carlos Porto of Design. “Main Page – Linux Mint”. linuxmint.com.
  • ^ “Home: LinuxMCE home automation”. www.linuxmce.com.
  • ^ LinuxTLE website Archived 2005-09-13 at the Wayback Machine
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  • ^ “Molinux website”.
  • ^ “Netrunner”. Netrunner.
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  • ^ “About Peppermint OS”.
  • ^ “Pinguy OS – Because using a computer is meant to be easy!”. www.pinguyos.com.
  • ^ “Qimo 4 Kids – Software For Kids”. Qimo 4 Kids.
  • ^ Sabily website
  • ^ “Trisquel GNU/Linux – Run free!”. trisquel.info.
  • ^ “UberStudent – Linux for Learners”. www.uberstudent.org.
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  • ^ “Vinux website”.
  • ^ “Zorin OS – About”. Zorin OS. Zorin Group. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  • ^ “grml.org – Debian Live system / CD for sysadmins and texttool-users”. grml.org.
  • ^ “Knoppix Linux Boot CD, Download Disk and Documents, Discuss, Get Help”. knoppix.net.
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  • ^ MEPIS website Archived 2016-03-22 at the Wayback Machine
  • ^ “RxArt — Home”. RxArt.
  • ^ “FrontPage – Raspbian”. www.raspbian.org.
  • ^ (in Russian) Astra Linux
  • ^ Canaima website
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  • ^ CrunchBang Linux website Archived 2012-11-26 at the Wayback Machine
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  • ^ Hikarunix website Archived 2012-11-29 at the Wayback Machine
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  • External links[edit]

    • The LWN.net Linux Distribution List – Categorized list with information about each entry.
    • Distrowatch – Announcements, information, links and popularity ranking for many Linux distributions.
    • Linux Distros – Information and ISO files for many oldest Linux distributions.

    Fedora

    • BLAG Linux and GNU
    • Korora

    Gentoo

    • Calculate Linux
    • Chromium OS
      • Chrome OS
    • Sabayon Linux

    Slackware

    • Austrumi Linux
    • DeLi Linux
    • DNALinux
    • Kongoni
    • NimbleX
    • Platypux
    • Porteus
    • Salix OS
    • Slax
    • TopologiLinux
    • VectorLinux
    • Zenwalk

    Mandriva

    • ALT Linux
    • Mageia
    • OpenMandriva Lx
    • PCLinuxOS
    • ROSA Linux

    Other

    • 4MLinux
    • Alpine Linux
    • CRUX
    • Frugalware Linux
    • GeckoLinux
    • GoboLinux
    • GuixSD
    • KaOS
    • Kwort Linux
    • Lunar Linux
    • NixOS
    • openSUSE
      • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
    • Puppy Linux
    • Source Mage
    • Solus
    • Void Linux
    • Uruk GNU/Linux
    • Category
    • Comparison
    • List
    • Commons


    List Of Linux Distributions
    List Of Linux Distributions
    List Of Linux Distributions
    List Of Linux Distributions
    List Of Linux Distributions

    List Of Linux Distributions

    List Of Linux Distributions

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